These Early Settler pages are dedicated to  the memory of Mary Bell Brown. Without her research and committment to preserving the history of Salado these pages would not be possible. Forever will she be missed.

The Early Settlers 1 - 5

Early Salado Settlers Stockton Rose Baines Barton Aiken pioneer woman Texas 1800s

Salado South of Creek 1844

Early Settlers 1 - 5


Salado North of Creek 1844

Early Settlers 6 - 10


College Students at Salado  Creek 1900

Early Settlers 11 - 15


Salado College

Early Settlers 16 - 17


Emily Bumpass Stockton

Emily Bumpass Stockton is a shining example of a pioneer woman who migrated to Texas in 1841, a widow with nine children, who made her way from Tennessee to the Republic of Texas in order to be near family members who had migrated earlier. Emily was born in Laurens District, South Carolina in 1802.  She married Douglas Hayden Stockton II in 1818 in Lawrenceburg, Tennessee. He was a prosperous merchant owning large plantations in Tennessee and Mississippi. Nine children were born to this union. Mr. Stockton died in Lawrenceburg in 1836. Emily stayed in Tennessee for five years after her husband's death and then decided to join her sisters who were living in Brenham and Chappell area. The oldest son had already migrated to Texas with an uncle. Emily and the other children traveled to Waterloo, Alabama  and sailed north on the River boat John Collier to the junction of the Tennessee and Ohio Rivers, then sailed down the Ohio River to the Mississippi and then on to the Gulf of Mexico and around to Galveston. This took about a month. They then traveled overland through the mud in an ox-drawn wagon to Brenham, a trip which took ten days. Emily bought land near Brenham and stayed there a few years. She then moved to Evergreen, a village located where the present town of Giddings is located. Here she kept a tavern. This was on the main travel route between Austin to Houston and many famous travelers stopped there. Some of her family had migrated to Salado and Emily chose to join them. For a while she and a sister managed Old Salado Hotel, then known as the Lone Star Hotel. Emily died on December 13, 1882 and is buried in Old Salado Grave Yard. A Citizen of the Republic of Texas Marker has been placed at her grave site by members of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas. The story of Emily's life can be found in “Worthy Mothers of Texas”.


Archibald Johnson Rose

Archibald Johnson “A. J.” Rose was born in Caswell County, North Carolina on September 3, 1830.  A. J.'s father died and he worked to support his mother and three sisters. When his mother remarried in 1847 he left home and , in 1849, joined the “gold rush” to California. He returned home in 1853, said to be a “comparatively wealthy” man. A. J. met and married Sarah Ann Austin, a cousin of Stephen F. Austin,  on July 18, 1854 in Macon County, Missouri.  Eleven children were born to this union. The family migrated to Texas by wagon train in 1857, settling first in Travis County and then moved to San Saba in 1860. The family remained there until after the Civil War with A. J. serving in home defense protecting the settlers from hostile Indians. He held ranks of Lieutenant and Major. Following the war, A. J. chose a safer environment for his family, moving first to Belton and then to Salado in 1868. He bought a large amount of farm land lying south and east of the Village of Salado. A large and beautiful Greek  Revival style house was erected south of Salado College in Victorian Oaks. Texas Historical Markers have been erected for the house and for Major Rose.  Several of the Rose children attended the College. Major Rose was very involved in support of the college striving to see that the pupils received quality education with the finest of supplies and books.  He was also very active in community affairs, organizing the first Grange in Texas while promoting outstanding practices in the field of agriculture. He was a member of Masonry and was a Knights Templar and was a past Master Mason in Texas. He served on the Board of Trustees of Texas A. and M. College and Baylor Female College. He was a founding member of Texas Historical Society and served as Commissioner of Agriculture, Insurance, Statistics and History under Governor Culbertson. He was an active member of the Baptist Church serving as a Deacon. Major Rose died on December 13, 1906. Mrs. Rose died on April 1, 1900. The couple is buried side-by-side in Old Salado Grave Yard. A Texas Historical Commission marker will be placed at their grave sites.



Rev. Baines was a leader in the Baptist Brotherhood serving the Convention and as an educator and politician in Arkansas and Louisiana. He came to Texas in 1850 having been sent by the Convention to serve as Missionary to the Indians.  Rev. Baines married Melissa Ann Butler and ten children were born to this union. Melissa died and Rev. Baines married his second wife, Cynthia Williams. Rev. Baines was active in the Mission field, was the pastor of many churches, edited the first Baptist paper in Texas, and was said to be instrumental in persuading General Sam Houston to join the church. He served as president of Baylor Female College at Independence, the oldest women's college west of the Mississippi. This college later moved to Belton, Texas and became known as the present University of Mary Hardin-Baylor. He served as a minister for fifty years. Rev. Baines died in 1882 and in buried beside his wife, Cynthia, in Old Salado Grave Yard. The Baines built the historic Baines House on Royal Street, which has been marked with a Texas Historical Commission marker. A marker honoring Rev. Baines has been placed on the campus of the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor in Belton, Texas. Rev. Baines will be remembered as the great grandfather of former President Lyndon Baines Johnson.


Dr. Welborn Barton

Welborn Barton, a native of Greenville, South Carolina, received his medical degree from Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky in 1847. Following his graduation he migrated to Texas settling at Bastrop where he practiced medicine for two years. At that time many young people hearing of the California Gold Rush decided to seek their fortunes in the West. Dr. Barton decided to join this movement but first desired to return home to visit with his family. He married his sweetheart, Louise Adeline Cox, and stayed on in South Carolina. Ten children would be born to this union. In 1854 old friends and family members persuaded Welborn to lead a wagon train of about one hundred folks to Texas. The group left on October 5, 1854 and two and one-half months later arrived in Washington County just before Christmas. The Bartons purchased farm land in Burnet County where he farmed and practiced medicine. At the beginning of the War Between the States Dr. Barton offered his services as a surgeon for the Confederate Army. After the end of the war, Dr. and Mrs. Barton moved to the Salado area responding to rumors that a fine school had opened there and the couple wished to provide their children with good educations. Dr. Barton immediately became involved in the community. He served as a trustee for the Salado College for several years. He developed a busy medical practice in the area with his wife Louisa accompanying him on his rounds by driving the horses which pulled the buggy and as serving as his nurse. Dr. Barton carried his rifle and watched for hostile Indians. After Dr. Barton's death, Louisa provided room and board for students of the college in order to supplement her income. The Bartons had built the historic Barton House on Main Street in Salado. The house has been marked with a Texas Centennial Marker. Dr. Barton died on May 13, 1883. Louisa died on November 14, 1920. The couple is buried side-by-side in the family burial plot in the Old Salado Grave Yard. A Texas Historical Commission marker has been placed by their grave sites.


Col. Hermon Aiken

Hermon Aiken came to the Republic in the 1830's and was a Patriot during  the Texas Revolutionary War. He was Captain of a ship which brought arms, ammunition, immigrants and supplies from New Orleans to the Texas Army. After the war he settled in Harris County and began a prosperous trade business. He later served in the United States Army during the Mexican War. Aiken served as a volunteer ranger fighting Indians on the Texas frontier. The Aikens later migrated to Bell County first settling on Cedar Creek where the Village of Aiken was founded and later on Elm Creek near the location of the present town of Troy. They  raised a large family  of twelve children. They later moved to the Village of Salado and played an active role in the growth of Salado and Bell County. Col. Aiken was a surveyor for the Milam Land District and did survey work in what later became Falls, Coryell, and McLennan Counties. He surveyed the land donated for the building of Salado College and creation of the Village of Salado. He was one of the founders of Salado College and served on the first Board of Trustees.  Hermon died in 1860 and Margaret died in 1877. Both are buried in the family plot in the Old Salado Grave Yard. A Citizen of the Republic of Texas Marker has been placed at the grave site by members of Daughters of the Republic of Texas. A Texas Historical Commission Marker is being placed in the family burial plot..